Eleven states and two federal territories are located on the Malay Peninsula, collectively called Peninsular Malaysia or West Malaysia.
The Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, a modern, bustling city of well over 1.8 million people. Whereas ethnic Malays are in the majority nationally, ethnic Chinese constitute the predominant group in KL, although the city also has a large Malay population and a substantial ethnic Indian minority.
Malaysia’s new administrative capital, A metropolis of landscaped gardens and domed buildings is Malaysia’s third federal territory after KL and Labuan. This new city will ultimately provide for an approximately 330,000 people and will function as the principal seat of government. It will be served by advanced communications and transportation infrastructure.
The picturesque island of Penang attracts with the rich cultural heritage of the many communities of people from east and west who have made their home here. Places of interest include numerous heritage buildings such as Cheong Fatt T/e Mansion, Khoo Kongsi and Burmah Square; Tropical Fruit Farm, Kek Lok Si Buddhist Temple, the largest in Southeast Asia; Sri Mariamman Hindu Temple, Penang Hill accessible by funicular; the Botanical Gardens and Fort Cornwallis where Francis Light, the founder of Penang, first stepped ashore. Penang’s excellent food especially the hawker fare is famous.
The rice bowl state. The majority of the people are Malay (72%), followed by Chinese (19%) and Indians (8%) with a million plus population. Kedah is Malaysia’s oldest state. The ruling family traces its origins to Hindu times, and is the only state that still has ruins from that period.
Negeri Sembilan is practically an inland state with only 48km of coastline. It has a population of about 757,000 of whom 46% are Malay, 36% are Chinese and 17% are Indian. The state is set on industrialisation as its agriculture had already been fully developed. Rice, cocoa, oil palm, rubber trees, livestock and fish (including shrimp are all raised here).
The smallest state in Malaysia. The majority of its people are Malay (78%), followed by Chinese (17%), The economy is based on rice, rubber and fishing
There are varied attractions in Selangor including Shah Alam Royal Town; the blue-domed Shah Alam Mosque; the Sunway Lagoon and the Mines ” Wonderland theme parks; Batu Caves, with 272 steps up the steep hillside to reach the cave: and the Forestry Research Institute (FRIM) Museum. Near the coastal town of Kuala Selangor are Melawati Hill, the site of the 200-year old Fort Altingsburg that was built by the Dutch; Kampung Kuantan, site of one of the world’s largest firefly colonies and the Kuala Selangor Nature Park, an internationally-known migratory bird sanctuary. On Carey Island is the Mah Meri indigenous community, whose self-taught wood carvers are famous for their wood sculptures.
A large state, Perak offers a diversity of attractions including the royal town of Kuala Kangsar where the wooden Royal Museum was built without any nails; the historical town ofTaiping with 31 ‘firsts’ and its beautiful Lake Gardens; the capital city of Ipoh with beautiful period architecture, the kilometre long Tempurung limestone cave; Teluk Intan’s leaning clock tower: and Pangkor Island with its internationally acclaimed Pangkor Laut Resort.
Pahang has vast stretches of primeval rainforest that dominate the state that offers exotic flora and fauna and wildlife. It holds invigorating hill resorts, waterfalls, and rustic fishing villages to palm fringed beaches. With a population of 95% Malays, 3% Thai, 1.9% Chinese and 0.1% Others, The State is rich in agricultural and natural resources – Palm oil, rubber and cocoa Timber, Fishery, as well as Petrochemical products and tourism.
With a population of 75,000 of whom 54% are Malay, 36% are Chinese and 8% are Indians. The state is industrializing rapidly. Melaka is noted for its history and remnants of its past colonzsers.
The southernmost state on the peninsula, it has a population of about 2 million, consisting of 55% Malays, 36% Chinese and only 6% Indians. Johor is a leading agricultural state, especially rubber, palm oil and pineapples. Johor is Industrialising rapidly, its proximity to Singapore is a big factor.
With a population of about 1 million, it has the highest percentage of Malays with 93%. Chinese make-up only 5% and Indians only 1%. The people are mostly rice and tobacco farmers. Other products include rubber, palm oil, coconuts and fruit. Fishing is also an important industry. Kelantan is well known for traditional Malay handiwork, silverwork, brocade, batik etc.
The most Malay of all the states. The population of about 750,000 is 94% Malay and 5% Chinese. People earn their living from fishing, boat building (for which they are famous), coconuts and rubber. Though it is the least developed state in the peninsula, the discovery of oil and gas along its coast is changing the landscape dramatically.
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