Malaysia Quick Facts and Figures
Official Name: Malaysia
Capital: Kuala Lumpur
Time Zone: GMT+8
Population: 26,160,256 (2010 est.)
Population growth rate: 1.7%
Population density: 76 persons per sq km
Total area: 329,750 sq km (127,316 sq mi)
Ethnic groups: Malay 50.4%
Religious Affiliations: Peninsular Malaysia – Muslims (Malay), Buddhist (Chinese), Hindu (Indians)
Sabah – 38% Muslim, 17% Christian, 45% other
Life expectancy: Men: 73 yrs, Women: 78 yrs
Adult literacy: 92%
Government: Constitutional monarchy
The Government of Malaysia comprises the federal, state and local government. Malaysia is a federation of 13 states operating within a constitutional monarchy using the Westminster parliamentary system and is categorized as a representative democracy.
The Malaysian Parliament is divided into three components:
The Yang di-Pertuan Agong
House of Representatives
Head of State: The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is the Supreme Head of State as provided by the Constitution. The full title for His Majesty is Seri Paduka Baginda Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
Prime Minister: Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak (2009)
The 14 red and white stripes represent the 14 states of the country. The gold crescent and star are symbols of Islam, and the blue field represents the unity of the people.
Agriculture: Peninsular Malaysia—rubber, palm oil, cocoa, rice; Sabah—subsistence crops, rubber, timber, coconuts, rice; Sarawak—rubber, pepper, timber.
Industries: Peninsular Malaysia—rubber and oil-palm processing and manufacturing, light manufacturing industry, electronics, tin mining and smelting, logging, timber processing; Sabah—logging, petroleum production; Sarawak—agriculture processing, petroleum production and refining, logging.
Natural resources: tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite.
Exports: $156.4 billion (2009 est.): electronic equipment, petroleum and liquefied natural gas, wood and wood products, palm oil, rubber, textiles, chemicals.
Imports: $119.5 billion (2009 est.): electronics, machinery, petroleum products, plastics, vehicles, iron and steel products, chemicals.
Major trading partners: U.S., Singapore, Japan, China, Hong Kong, Thailand, Taiwan, South Korea, Germany, Indonesia (2004).