Malaysia General Info

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Geography

Malaysia is a country situated in Southeast Asia. It is between Thailand and Singapore. Located between 2º and 7º north of the Equator, Peninsula Malaysia is separated from the states of Sabah and Sarawak by the South China Sea. To the north of Peninsula Malaysia is Thailand while its southern neighbor is Singapore. Sabah and Sarawak are north of Indonesia in Borneo while Sarawak also shares a border with Brunei.

Topography

The peninsular portion of Malaysia has mountain ranges in the north, flanked by wide plains along both coasts. Much of the country’s population is centered in the south, where the peninsula is relatively level.

East Malaysia, on Borneo, includes the States of Sarawak and Sabah. The State of Sarawak consists of a swampy lowland along the coast rising to high mountains in the interior, especially in the east. An extensive lowland covers the eastern part of Sabah. The Crocker Range in the northwest rises to an elevation of 4,101 meters (13,455 feet) on Mount Kinabalu, the highest peak in Malaysia.

Climate

With a temperature that fluctuates little throughout the year, travel in Malaysia is a pleasure. Average temperature is between 21° to 32°C (70° to 90°F). Humidity is high. Rain tends to occur between November to February on the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia, on western Sarawak, and northeastern Sabah. On the West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia the rainy season is April to May and October to November.

The exposed northern slopes of State of Sarawak and State of Sabah receive as much as 5,080 millimeters (200 inches) of rainfall yearly. Average rainfall for the peninsula is about 2,540 millimeters (100 inches).

Capital

Kuala Lumpur

Main Airport

Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) in Sepang, about 75 km from Kuala Lumpur.

Language    

Bahasa Malaysia is official language, English, Mandarin, Tamil is spoken widely.

Electrical Supply

Electric supply is on a 240-volt 50-cycle system.

Time Zone

Malaysia’s time zone is GMT/UTC +8

Religion

Islam is the official religion in Malaysia. However, one can practice one’s religion freely. The myriad places of worships bear testament to this. The variety of religions found in Malaysia is a direct reflection of the diversity of races living includes Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, and Sikhism.

People

Malay 50.2%, Chinese 24.5%, indigenous 11.0%, Indian 7.2%, non-Malaysian citizens 5.9%, others 1.2%.

The Government

Malaysia adopts a system of parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarchy. There is a Prime Minister and full cabinet. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong or King is elected every five years in accordance with a rotating succession system determined by the Conference of Rulers, which comprises of Sultans. Nine states have a Sultan as head of state, while four have Governors. The three Federal Territories are administered by a Major. Power is concentrated in the hand s of the Federal Government, except got issues involving land, culture, and religion, which are decided at the State-level.

Business Hours
Banks: 9.30 am – 3.30 pm (Mon to Fri) 9.30 am – 11.30 am (Sat), Shopping complexes: 10 am – 10 pm daily

Currency

Ringgit Malaysia (RM) is the Malaysian unit of currency, which divided into 100 sens. The currency comes into notes of RM 1, RM 2, RM 5, RM 10, RM 50 and RM 100. Besides, coins are issued in 1 sen, 5 sen, 10 sen, 20 sen, and 50 sen denominations. Travellers Declaration Form can be obtained from the entry and exit points in Malaysia to declare all the currencies brought into and out of the country. Regulation of the government stated that non-residents are allowed to bring in and out of the country below RM1000 at any given time but foreign currencies are not regulated. All commercial banks are the authorized foreign exchange dealers. However, major hotels are only licensed to buy or accept foreign currencies in form of notes and travellers cheques.

Post Offices

POS Malaysia is the national postal company which provides standard postal services, registration service, bulk mailing, franking service, insured letters services, post office box service and payment collection counters. POSLAJU Malaysia is the premium service and is known as EXPEDITED MAIL SERVICE (EMS). Its domestic network comprises of 135 outlets and links with 45 countries internationally.

For more information, please visit the POS Malaysia’s website at www.pos.com.my.

Bank Operating Hours

Most states:

Monday – Friday: 0930 – 1600
Saturday, Sunday and Public Holidays: Closed

Kelantan and Terengganu:

Saturday – Wednesday: 0930 – 1600
Thursday: 0930 – 1130
Friday: Closed

Internet Coverage

Internet services are also widely available particularly in town areas. All internet cafes use a fast Internet connection of 512Mbps to 4Mbps. The rate per hour usage is differing from one place to another.

Telecommunications

The cellular telephone is common and there are many services available such as 012 and 017 (Maxis Communications Bhd), 016 (Digi Telecommunications Sdn Bhd), and 013 and 019 (Celcom (M) Sdn Bhd). Prepaid cards and International Direct Dial (IDD) cards which allow mobile phone usage are widely available at very affordable rates. Besides, Telekom Malaysia provides extensive phone services, including direct dialing to over 200 countries. The operator on 101, directory enquiries on 103, and the international operator 108.

The international dialing code for Malaysia is 60 and the area code for Kuala Lumpur is 03. When calling Malaysia from overseas dial 00 + country code + area code + telephone number. For example, to call a number 7788 9999 in Kuala Lumpur from overseas, dial 0060377889999. Though, when calling Kuala Lumpur from another place within Malaysia with different area code, then dial 0377889999.